By the mids, Spain had already founded missions in Baja California. The missions were geographically isolated from the rest of New Spain until the early nineteenth century and this tended to isolate them from many epidemics.
Inthe Spanish governor outlined the causes for the high Indian mortality rates in the missions: Raids by the soldiers to recapture escaped neophytes and "recruit" Indians that were not converted increased.
Not all Native Peoples in Alta California came to the missions and not all of those who did experienced mission life in the same way.
For thousands of years, the Natives were accustomed with their own lifestyle and beliefs, and all of a sudden, everything was stripped away from them. Every Mission had two priests.
Another cause for the high death rate among Indians who were enslaved in the missions was the unsanitary conditions in which they were forced to live. There is one Chumash reservation in the last county, and more than thirty reservations in the others. Thus they used the dormitories to protect and control the virtue and virginity of single girls and women.
The Spanish were steeped in a legacy of religious intolerance and conformity which featured a messianic fanaticism accentuating both Spanish culture in general and Catholicism in particular.
California Indian people are central to contemporary life. Bureau of Indian Affairs. The California Mission had worthy intentions and plans for the Native Americans. Gold some authors prefer to use GreedGlory, and God.
One of these Spanish institutions was repartimiento. The final years of the Los Angeles area missions were troublesome. Many attempted to escape, and the soldiers stationed at the mission would attempt to recapture them.
The missionaries, with the help of well-armed soldiers, congregated Indians into fairly large communities which were organized along the lines of those in the core areas of Spanish America. Today, many of the missions are tourist attractions with their own museums.
The Native Americans were forced to convert their religion to Roman Catholics. The Spanish missionary program was designed to bring about the total conversion of the Indians: The Spanish sought to Christianize the Indians by enslaving them.
In order to understand how these Mission Indian nations were formed, we must start by looking at the Spanish missionary efforts in California. Once the Native Americans accepted the Spanish lifestyle, it was nearly impossible to escape. There were an estimatedIndians living in California during the 16th century.
The enrollment was part of a plan to provide reservation lands promised but never fulfilled by 18 non-ratified treaties made in On the same day, hundreds of Native Americans attacked the Spanish defenders and soldiers.
There were a few deadly rebellions conducted by the Native Americans. By there remained about 15, resident neophytes in the 21 missions. Repartimiento functioned as a part of the Spanish mission system in all parts of the Americas, including California. This variation was reflective of the Native Americans who made up the missions communities and the personalities of the missionaries.
California was part of Mexico during this time. Indians did not come freely to the missions and once there, they were held against their will. They died from syphilis-introduced to the Indians by the soldiers and the colonists-and by the use of mercury for treating it.
Detractors of the system argue that there was forced recruitment and virtual slave labor. On Sundays and holidays everyone was obligated to go to church and worship.
Some of the mission land and buildings were turned over to the Mexican government. In addition to using Indian labor for themselves, the Franciscans also provided Indian labor for both military garrisons and for individual Spanish colonists.
The missions were more working farms and factories than institutions for conversion from one faith to another.
Missions destroyed Native culture. Recommended Annotation Visible only to you. Unable to save at this time. Native Americans made up about one-third of those who lived and worked at the Missions.
There were an estimatedIndians living in California during the 16th century. The Spanish provided the Native Americans with the necessities such as food, clothing, and shelter.
History professor Willy Bauer showed some slides as he lectured on the native peoples and the missions of California.
He is an enrolled member of the Round Valley Indian Tribes and grew up on the. Impact of the California Missions on Native Americans. The History Project at UC Davis. HSS Content Standards Students describe the social, political, cultural, and economic life and interactions among people of California from the pre-Columbian societies to.
The Native Americans in this region were converted in large numbers in the s. Before the century was out the native villages had largely disappeared for a number of reasons: the Indians had joined one of the missions, were working for settlers, had died from European diseases or had fled to the interior.
In the California missions, the new European diseases-smallpox, mumps, measles, malaria- killed many of the Indians who were forced to live there. The Mission Indians also died from respiratory ailments and illnesses caused by poor sanitation.Native americans in california missions