This genetic group is not associated with Asian origins and is, therefore, thought to be significant to the frequency in the Algonquin, Sioux, Yakama, Nuu-Cha-Nulth, and Navajo Native American populations.
You must build your models based on evidence you have, not evidence you wish you had, and the Solutrean hypothesis is lacking sufficient evidence to be considered seriously. Although both the Dyuktai and Clovis sites exhibit evidence of big-game hunting, there are significant differences between them.
There is some reason to think from archeology and Solutrean hypothesis historical accounts of the last populations to transition that they, like the Jomon and the Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest and the Paleo-Eskimos may have had a somewhat less nomadic fishing society rather than a stereotypical Solutrean hypothesis nomadic foraging and hunting method of food production.
The majority of the sample of Pacific Northwest crania in the Shumate and Hackenberger study comes from data records completed by Heglar and Mulinski and others University of Idaho.
Within the data set from the Spanish Hapsburgs the researchers find strong evidence for inbreeding depression, as defined by reduced fitness of the offspring from population mean fitness: Jantz and Owsley a are performing multivariate analyses to explore differences between ancient crania and modern populations.
Although the flute is dramatic on Clovis points, Solutrean points have a more subtle thinning at the base. Excavation at the Dyuktai Cave site in north eastern Siberia revealed an assemblage that included stone spear points similar to Clovis points [A], as well as small stone tools known as microblades [D], and the remains of large mammoth and musk-ox.
Comparisons indicate strong affinities with DNA from Siberian sites, and virtually rule out close affinity with European sources the " Solutrean hypothesis ". They have recently argued that Buhl skeletal remains show differences between the ancient and modern populations, and that Buhl's morphometric traits are not similar to modern Native American groups; in fact they are closer to groups from the Pacific.
But critics point out that the dates of these points are about 12, years ago -- well after the arrival of Clovis in the western continent.
Using these sharp instruments for hunting and cutting was vital to human survival. In a study of the relevant paleoceanographic data, Kieran Westley and Justin Dix concluded that "it is clear from the paleoceanographic and paleo-environmental data that the Last Glacial Maximum LGM North Atlantic does not fit the descriptions provided by the proponents of the Solutrean Atlantic Hypothesis.
Also, as we stated earlier, the Dyuktai site is much younger than Clovis. Although ice use and sea mammal hunting may have been important in other contexts, in this instance, the conditions militate against an ice-edge-following, maritime-adapted European population reaching the Americas.
But look below the surface and the entire argument falls apart. Another difference in Asian v. Michael Brown in a article identified this as evidence of a possible Caucasian founder population of early Americans spreading from the northeast coast.
His preliminary results show that a sample of undeformed crania fall near Haida and Jomon-Ainu-Polynesian samples opposite Athapascans and other Amerindian samples.
A preliminary analysis using nine standard measures discriminates between a group of Polynesian-like Paleoindians and several groups of historic Amerindians Richard Jantz, personal communication, She comes from Fujian, where people are notably shorter than they are further north.
The measurements of the Buhl skull were compared to twenty-six modern populations Howellsand to a Paleoindian skull from Lapa Vermelha, Brazil, which shows morphological similarities with Africans and Australians.
This suggests a greater genetic complexity among Native Americans than previously thought, including an early divergence in the genetic lineage 13, years ago.
The Big Eddy Site in southwestern Missouri contains several claimed pre-Clovis artifacts or geofacts. Clearly placing the "Kennewick Man" within this type of fuller regional investigation of cranial morphology and other osteological and dental traits holds promise for additional study of his possible phenotypic affinity and, based on other types of considerations, his possible cultural affiliation as interpreted under NAGPRA.
Brace and Nelson personal communication are further developing the Circumpacific origins of early New World migrants. Though in many cultures cousin-marriage is preferred for various reasons, until recently it was extant at lower frequencies than is the case today.
Site with evidence of non-Clovis human remains, a rock painting rupestre art drawings from at least 12,—6, BP. These artifacts including 56 tools, 2, macrodebitage and 13, microdebitage define the Buttermilk Creek Complex formation, which stratigraphically underlies a Clovis assemblage.
This is extremely suggestive. As early as Brace and his collaborators Brace et al. Most archaeological evidence of the Solutreans indicates they originated in what is now Spain, Portugal and southern France [A] beginning about 25, years ago.
He had been fed by wet nurses until the age of 5 or 6 and was not allowed to walk until almost fully grown. Much of their water was locked up in huge glaciers that covered the Northern latitudes. As well as made key animals go extinct which I find much more compelling than humans killed all the mammoths.
Geneticists, too, have tested the Solutrean hypothesis. Additional support for the Solutrean Hypothesis includes the genetic makeup of Halogroup X. Nuchal development, very large mastoid processes, a moderate supraorbital ridge and rounded supraorbital margin, mark this individual as male. However, a hypothesis by Dennis Stanford Smithsonian and Bruce Bradley University of Exeter proposed a different theory as to the origins of the first Native Americans.
They conclude that their results are inconsistent with hypotheses of a single ancestral group and suggest that historic cranial variation is probably of recent origin. More specifically, a variant of mitochondrial DNA called X2a found in many Native Americans has been traced to western Eurasia, while not being found in eastern Eurasia.
Multivariate analysis shows that there is a great difference between the Paleoindian skulls, and when compared to the modern populations the skulls belong to different clusters.
Page-Ladson is the first pre-Clovis site documented in the southeastern part of North America, it said.
The Solutreans are a group from France, Spain, and Portugal that existed nearly 20, years ago in Europe. Flexible Stones: The Anatomy of a Middle Paleolithic Tool. Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 This is a large (13x8x0,5 cm) non Levallois flake with several active units and one passive unit- a field find from near Lenderscheid / Northern Hesse in Germany, already introduced in this Blog for its Middle Paleolithic triangular Handaxes, Leafpoints, Levallois and non-Levallois debitage.
White Apocalypse [Kyle Bristow] on janettravellmd.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In White Apocalypse, a rogue anthropologist teams up with a proponent of the Solutrean Hypothesis and a fiery lawyer in order to reveal to the world the shocking truth that carries immense cultural.
He calls the Solutrean hypothesis “a skeletal idea.” And he worries that a rising sea might have washed away compelling evidence. Later this spring, Stanford plans to take a boat to the Cinmar.
The Solutrean Hypothesis assumes arrival from Europe at a pre-Clovis time period and that later Clovis knappers retained the overshot flaking technique brought across the Atlantic Ocean, while adding the distinctive flute. Apr 27, · The Solutrean hypothesis is a controversial proposal that peoples from Europe may have been among the earliest settlers in the Americas, as evidenced by similarities in stone tool technology of the Solutrean culture from prehistoric Europe to that of the later Clovis tool-making culture found in the.
A Recent Discovery, Although "Politically Incorrect", Proves SOLUTREANS Were The First Americans (CNN) -- It's a discovery that could rewrite the story of southeastern United States.Solutrean hypothesis